脫歐法案保障歐盟公民修訂暗藏玄機

上星期上議院就有關脫歐後保障歐盟公民權利的修訂獲得通過,我在Facebook專頁貼出新聞時,不少朋友都問是不是這就表示可以安心繼續以葡國護照移民或定居英國,即使脫歐後也不用怕云云。故此在這裡簡單解釋一下這項修訂。

該項修訂全文如下︰

“( )  Within three months of exercising the power under subsection (1), Ministers of the Crown must bring forward proposals to ensure that citizens of another European Union or European Economic Area country and their family members, who are legally resident in the United Kingdom on the day on which this Act is passed, continue to be treated in the same way with regards to their EU derived-rights and, in the case of residency, their potential to acquire such rights in the future.”

即是說,政府須於啟動第50條脫歐程序起三個月內提交計劃,保障於法案通過當日已在英國合法居住的歐盟國家國民、歐洲經濟區國家國民及其家庭成員能繼續如之前一樣享有既有的權利,尤其保障他們將來能取得有關居留權方面權利的可能性。

重點是 “on the day on which this Act is passed“這一句,即是說,假若此一修訂最終獲得通過,則會為能定居在英國的歐盟公民劃上界線,在該法案通過當日前已定居在英國的歐盟公民,方能獲得該修訂的保障,意味著該日之後才來英國定居的歐盟公民,其有關權利不會受此法案保障。

不過歐盟曾表示,此一日期界線,應該是英國在完成談判及所有程序後,正式脫歐的那一天;加上這一修訂尚需要再次在下議院辯論,故此最終這修訂能否保留,又或者會不會有所改變,仍是未知之數。

但正如我在前一篇文章《脫歐將至,持葡國護照移民英國注意》所講,如果你已經持葡國護照居英,又或希望以葡國護照移民英國的,最好還是盡快做好準備。

(至於在今晚通過,有關國會在最終脫歐談判方案有意義投票的修訂,由於不涉葡國護照居英事宜,暫不討論。)

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